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Lesson 6: Culture & Society: Friendship


Purpose: Students will reflect on their identities and develop an understanding of cultural differences and similarities in friendships. (socio-cultural awareness, self-awareness, social management). 

LIA Themes: Cultural Enrichment, Leadership, Responsive Conflict Resolution, Team Building

Setting the Stage

Display the quote on the board and have students respond to one of the prompts as they get in their seats. 

OPTIONAL: Play culturally relevant music as students enter the class.

OPTIONAL: Lead students in a midline crossing activity. Use Educational Kinesiology document to find useful resources. 

45-90 minute lesson


Students will

  • Demonstrate conflict resolution skills in interpersonal relationships (2.2.C).
  • Use reflection and metacognition to develop critical thinking skills (2.3)
  • Learn about, accept, and celebrate cultural diversity (4.1). 
  • Use dialogue to provide insight into motives and personalities (WIDA ELD 4-5.Narrate) 
  • Share ideas about one’s own and other’s lived experiences and previous learning (WIDA ELD-SI.4-12.Narrate)
  • Report on explicit and inferred characteristics, patterns, or behavior (WIDA ELD-SI.4.-12.Inform)
  • Consider and engage with other voices, possibilities, and perspectives (WIDA ELD 4-5.Argue)
  • Generate questions about different perspectives (WIDA ELD-SI.4-12.Argue).


Culture and Society: Friendship

R.06 Slide Deck

Review objectives of the lesson with students (slide #5)
As students take their seats

Students will respond to the prompt in their journal / daily worksheet. Prompt suggestions:

  • What do the people you walk with say about who you are?
  • Do you believe the quote is true? Why or why not?  

Provide 5-7 minutes for students to write their reflections. Display a timer on the board if able. 

OPTIONAL: Ask students to share reflections. They can pair-share, group-share in tables, or volunteer responses to the class. 

For virtual class: 

  • Allow students to use the chat, a discussion board, or unmute their microphones to share responses with the class. 


Lesson steps

  • Watch video Friendship & the Brain (slide #6)
  • (We do) Brainstorm some benefits and consequences of friendships (slide #7). Write their answers on the board.
    ADAPTATION: have students write answers in their journals before sharing out to provide thinking time. 

ADAPTATION: provide students with a printed list of benefits/consequences and have them sort it in pairs or table groups before sharing out their answers. 

  • (We do) Predict. Ask students to recall ME and WE cultures, and ask them to consider the question on slide #8. After students share their predictions, tell them that research found no difference in which type of culture values friendship more. Discuss: what does this tell us about friendship across cultures?
    ADAPTATION: Ask students who believe friendships are more valued in individualistic cultures to move to one side of the room, and students who believe friendships are more highly valued in collectivist cultures to move to the opposite side. They will discuss their predictions. 1-2 students from each side will share their group’s discussion points before returning to their seats. 
  • Read slide #9
  • (I do) Share the researched differences between individualistic and collectivist cultures (slide #10).
    EXTENSION: have students fill out this worksheet to identify where misunderstandings can happen between cultures and how to mitigate them.  
  • Kinesthetic movement: Four Corners Activity. (slides #11-15).

Reflection: WHAT? | SO WHAT? | NOW WHAT? (slide #16)

Initiate reflection using the questions below. Students can reflect quietly or in writing before sharing out in pairs, as a group, or as a class. 

  • What? What were your thoughts and feelings as you participated in this activity?
  • So what? Why do you think it’s important to know about different cultural views of friendship?
  • Now what? What will you do with what you learned about friendship?

Lesson closure

  • Strategies for maintaining intercultural friendships. Read the three strategies to students. Ask students what else they can do to show respect for cultural friendship preferences. (Slide #17)

Virtual Class Adaptations:  

  • Conduct the lesson on an established LMS or use tools such as FlipGrid, Canvas, Miro, Google Classroom, or other interactive platform. 
  • Create a padlet and allow students to type their reflections into the padlet. 
  • Invite students to use the chat option to share their responses. 


Exit ticket: Students complete one of the following prompts

  1. How can you show others you are mindful of their culture? What can you do to show others you care about their friendship?
  2. How can others show you they are respectful of your culture? How do you want to be shown care and respect?

In Person Class Assessment Options:

  • Write responses on a sticky note and place in a designated space in the classroom. 
  • Write in a journal / daily worksheet. 
  • Share out loud/with their groups

Virtual Class Assessment Options:

  • Discussion assignment on LMS.
  • Virtual board such as jamboard, miro, Zoom Whiteboard, etc.
  • Create a video on Flipgrid or Canvas.



  • Use printouts and handouts to scaffold lesson for students. 
  • Have students write their responses to each question in a journal or worksheet before sharing out loud. 


  • Conduct a Socratic Seminar or small group discussions on the following prompts. There are no right or wrong answers, and it is important to provide a safe space for students to answer honestly.  
    • What can you do if your cultural preferences are not respected? 
    • What are some of the ways your cultural upbringing and values show up in your friendships and relationships?



Socialization Friendship Acquaintance

Competencies and Skills

21st Century Skills Skills for Learning and Life
Critical Thinking, Collaboration, Communication, Information Literacy, Flexibility, Global Awareness, Leadership, Initiative, Productivity, Social Skills  Self-Awareness, Social Awareness, Social Management, Social Engagement

Lesson Materials 

R.06 Slide Deck

YouTube video Friendship & the Brain

(Optional) Benefits/Consequences Handout

(Optional) Four Corners cards – A, B, C, D
(Extension) Friendship